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UNIT 9

Lecture #1

I. Five types of vessels which differ in structure and function:

  1)

  2)

  3)

  4)

  5)

  A. ARTERIES

    1. Structure- Name 3 Layers and discuss

      a)

      b)

      c)



    2. FEATURES:

      1.

      2. a) Why are arteries elastic-



        b) Vasa vasorum-



        c) Arterioles-

  B. CAPILLARIES

    1. Structure:

      -Small Diameter-



      -Thin-walled-



      -Precapillary Sphincter-









    2. Features:



  C. VEINS

    1. Structure-

    2. Features-

      -Flexible



      -Valves





      -Movement of Blood-





CONTENTS OF BLOOD pgs. 532-535

I. LIQUID PORTION (PLASMA)

  1. WATER-



  2. PROTEINS (Albumins, Globulins and Fibrinogen)-









  3. MINERALS-





  D. NUTRIENTS and GASES-





II. SOLID PORTION

  A. ERYTHROCYTES pgs.522-526

    1. DESCRIPTIONS:









    2. HEMOGLOBIN-

      GLOBIN-

      HEME-



      OXYHEMOGLOBIN-



      DEOXYHEMOGLOBIN-



    3. FUNCTIONS OF ERYTHROCYTES







    4. HEMOPOESIS-

      LOCATION-

      HEMOCYTOBLAST (STEM CELL)









  B. LEUKOCYTES pgs. 527-532

    1. DESCRIPTION-





    2. MAJOR TYPES:

      a) Neutrophils-







      b) Monocytes-









      c) Lymphocytes-







      Types:







      d) Basophils -







      e) Eosinophils-







    3. TERMS:

      PHAGOCYTOSIS-





      DIAPEDESIS-





    4. FUNCTIONS OF WBC's:

      a) Protect against Pathogens by:

        1.



        2.



      b) Destroy old Erythrocytes



      c) Promote tissue repair







  Body Defenses Against Infection (pg 630)

    Pathogen -

    Nonspecific defense -









    Specific defense -



    Antigens (pg. 632) -











    Antigen Receptors - (wait til lec)















  T Cells and Cell-Mediated Immunity (copy table 16.5)



































  B Cells and Antibody-Mediated Immunity (copy table 16.5)



































  How do Antibodies work? (pg. 638)











  Immune Responses (pg. 640)

    Primary Immune Response -







    Secondary Immune Response -







  Types of Immunity (pg. 642)

    Naturally Acquired Active Immunity -





  How does a vaccine develop Artificial Acquired Active Immunity-







  Disorders of the Immune System: Allergy (wait til lec)























  Disorders of the Immune System: Autoimmune Disease (wait til lec)



























  Disoders of the Immune System: AIDS (wait til lec)

























  Immunity and Cancer (wait til lec)































  C. THROMBOCYTES (PLATELETS) pgs. 532, 537

    1. DESCRIPTION:





    2. FUNCTIONS:

    3. a) Hemostasis-





      b) Blood vessel spasm-





      c) Platelet plug formation-



BLOOD TYPING

  4 GENERAL TYPES-





  WHAT DETERMINES BLOOD TYPE?





  AGGLUTINOGENS-

  (Antigens)



  AGGLUTININS-

(Antibodies)



BLOOD TYPEAGGLUTINOGENSAGGLUTININS










  Rh FACTOR-



  Rh+:

  Rh-:



  ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS-



  YOU ARE USING 3 TYPES OF SERUM:

    Anti-A

    Anti-B

    Anti-Rh



  INHERITANCE OF BLOOD TYPE:





  LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

I. LYMPH

  A. CHARACTERISTICS-







  B. FUNCTION-







II. LYMPH CIRCULATION



  A. PATHWAY-











  B. MOVEMENT OF LYMPH RELIES UPON:











  C. LYMPH NODE:

    1). Structure:













    2). Locations-





    3). Functions-





  D. LYMPH TRUNKS:









  E. LYMPH DUCTS:

    1). Thoracic Duct-





    2). Right Lymphatic Duct-







  BLOOD PRESSURE

  DEFINITION:



  IMPORTANCE:





  AVERAGE





  SPHYGMOMANOMETER-

FACTORS AFFECTING BLOOD PRESSURE:

  1) Elasticity of artery walls



  2) Peripheral resistance



  3) Quantity of blood



  4) Rate of blood



  5) Viscosity of blood



HYPERTENSION



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